Actually, I used to be athletic (basketball – what else) and I worked out 5 times weekly, but this habit was interrupted for about 4 years. After gaining some weight I started dieting. For 3 months I have been working out 5 times weekly again to stabilize my achieved weight. Since the renewed workouts I have noticed that my muscles have become more pronounced and dense, so now I am on the search for an alternate method to weight control to document my progress. I was thinking about building a small PC controlled body resistance measurement system (I’m an electrical engineering grad student) to measure the body fat percentage, but I was unable to find any documentation about this or any other similar method. Do you have any idea where I could look for stuff like that? Any books on body fat measurement? Back to the BMI – as you say the BMI is an estimate of health risk. Estimates are based on assumptions – and 6 foot 7 inches guys screw up most assumptions. Just think about a tall guy with long thin legs and a tall guy with short legs, but a tall upper body – a relative shift of the leg to body ratio has a far larger impact with tall people than with short folks.

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    So, you are exercising. If you notice more pronounced muscles, then perhaps your actual body fat percentage is less than a calculated BMI estimate. If you belong to a health club or know someone in the Physical Education department at your local university, ask if there is an exercise physiologist or registered dietitian that can measure your body fat.

    There are several electrical impedance body fat analyzers on the market. The problem with them is there are many variables that affect the reading.

    The Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and probably the American College of Sports Medicine have advertising from companies that make these devices. They are not cheap. For reading, I would suggest an exercise physiology book by Frank & Vic Katch, 2 nationally known experts in this field for a description of methods to assess body fat.

    Basically one places an electrode on the dominant hand and foot. A small electrical charge passes through the body. Muscle is 70% water and fat is 15%. Therefore, if you have more muscle, the charge moves faster. Problem is hydration, alcohol, menstruation all affect the results. The inherent errors are higher than a trained individual using calipers. Likewise, because a body fat measurement is a snapshot in time of your muscle mass, it will change daily, but not so much that the measurement discernible changes. It would only be wise to re-test every 3 – 6 months for change as a result of a regular exercise program.

    Read my sports nutrition topic for other body fat assessments like hydrostatic weighting (underwater).

    You are very lucky to be so tall. You burn more calories because you have a greater surface area than a shorter person. If you just follow the recommendations for a healthy lifestyle i.e. eat a low fat (< 30% fat) diet based on the My Plate Food Guide and exercise 30 minutes 5 times per week, you should be able to keep your weight and BMI in a healthy range. You are also fortunate in that males because of testosterone have a higher proportion of muscle to fat which is even more pronounced in African American males. This positive effect of testosterone on muscle mass should continue till you reach 70 when testosterone levels fall off. Like I said, BMI is an estimate based on a mathematical equation and I am checking on the extremes of height's effect on BMI. I don't think height has anything to do with screwing up assumptions. Your point about long legs, short legs is accurate. However, fat is distributed all over the body from the ankles to the neck, except in the brain (though some people are an exception to this rule). Hope you laughed.